There are two very important words that we need to use frequently in English – what are they and why are they so useful? Read on to find out!
What are Demonstrative Adjectives?
The two main demonstrative adjectives in English are this and that. We use these two words to help us indicate which person or thing we are referring to.
This student is new.
That car over there belongs to the company.
As adjectives, this and that go before a singular noun. For plural nouns we use the plural forms of this and that which are these and those. For example:
These students are new.
I want to buy these two shirts.
Those cars over there belong to the company.
Whose are those documents on the photocopier?
What’s the Difference Between This and That?
When we refer to someone or something near the speaker, we use ‘this’. For example:
This chair next to me is free. You can sit here.
Look at this photo! This man on the left is my Uncle.
On this slide you can see how sales increased last year.
I love this song!
When we refer to someone or something not near the speaker, we use ‘that’. For example:
That gentleman in reception has an appointment at 10:00.
Whose is that bag on my desk?
I’d like that green shirt in the window please.
Can you pass me that pen, please?
The same difference is true for these and those. For example:
These shoes are really comfortable!
Are those glasses on the table yours?
This and That as Pronouns
We can also use ‘this’ and ‘that’ as pronouns, meaning that we can use them without a noun. Generally we only use ‘this’ and ‘that’ as pronouns with things and not people. For example:
What’s this? – It’s my new specialty, rice with mushrooms.
Shall we have a coffee break? – Yes, that’s a great idea!
However, when we introduce someone and identify ourselves on the phone, we can use ‘this’ as a pronoun for people. For example:
Marco, this is Ms Lopez. – Nice to meet you, Ms Lopez.
Hello, this is Ali. Can I speak to Juan please?
So, now you’ve seen how to use demonstrative adjectives, it’s time to practice! Look around the area where you’re sitting now and make some of your own examples for this, that, these and those.
The present perfect is a tense that usually describes something about the past that has a connection with the present. Read on to find out more.
The third conditional is used to express the past consequence of an unrealistic action or situation in the past. When and how do we use it? Read on to find out.